According to an Association of Southeast Asian Nations readiness Assessment conducted in 2001, Cambodia ranked eighth out of the 10 ASEAN countries in terms of e-infrastructure, e-society, e-commerce and e-government, characterised by the need to build basic ICT infrastructure and ICT literate workforce.
Public access to computers and the internet are limited. An increasing number of internet cafes have appeared in recent years in urban centres and tourist destinations. There are currently over 100 in Phnom Penh, Siem Reap and Sihanouk province. Computer courses are popular in the major towns.
However, with more than 80 per cent of the population living in rural areas, the majority has little or no access to the computers or the internet. The rural people rely heavily on radio and television for information.
According to the International Telecommunications Union, as of 2002 Cambodia has the lowest internet penetration in Southeast Asia and the highest inter prices.
Cambodia has 698 secondary schools, only 13 per cent is connected to electricity, 8 per cent have generators and 4 per cent have solar panels. 75 per cent have no power supply at all, EMIS Centre, Department of Planning, MoEYS 2000-2004.
Very few state schools have computers. Only 6 per cent of lower secondary schools and 35 per cent of upper-secondary schools have between 1 and 2 computers for administrative purpose. Only 8 upper-secondary schools have more than 10 computers. In addition to public schools, there are many private schools, many offering computer classes.